Understanding Hyperpigmentation and How to Deal With It

Understanding Hyperpigmentation and How to Deal With It

 

Do you have dark spots on your face and wonder how to get rid of them? Well, the good news is, you’re not stuck with those dark patches, and you can achieve even skin.

Trying to deal with hyperpigmentation can be taxing. But, it doesn’t have to be. Hyperpigmentation, also known as uneven skin pigmentation, typically occurs on the face and other body parts that are often exposed to the sun.

In this article, we'll discuss what causes hyperpigmentation and more importantly, how to treat it.

What is Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is the appearance of darker and rougher areas of the skin. There are different types of hyperpigmentation, which are:

Age Spots

Aged woman with age spots

 

Age spots, also known as Liver spots, appear due to the skin being overexposed to the sun. These brown or black spots normally appear on the face, neck, and hands. This type of hyperpigmentation is called age spots because they usually appear in people over 40, even though they can appear sooner.

Melasma

Older women with melasma on skin

Melasma, also known as Chloasma, occurs when there are bigger patches of darker skin. These large pigmented patches often appear on the face and are most common in women.

Melasma occurs when your melanin production increases. This increase is influenced by hormonal changes, which is why Melasma is commonly found in pregnant women and in women who consume oral contraceptives.

Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation 

post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation on face

This form of hyperpigmentation appears through patches of dark skin. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs due to skin trauma or a skin injury. This includes cuts, scratches, insect bites, as well as friction caused by rubbing of the skin. This form of hyperpigmentation is commonly found in people with eczema as well as acne sufferers.


Can Friction Cause Hyperpigmentation?

Yes, friction of the skin can cause hyperpigmentation. This type of hyperpigmentation is identified as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Instances where friction causes hyperpigmentation includes when skin rubs against itself, like the rubbing of inner thighs, underarms and other areas of the body. Other instances include scratching your skin, where pink or brown patches can appear and eventually turn darker. 

How to Treat Hyperpigmentation or High Levels of Friction?

Hydration is your skin's best friend. Hydrating your skin helps boost cell turnover, allowing your skin to address pigmentation issues. Hyaluronic acid is known for its moisturising properties, it also serves as a useful agent in reducing pigmentation and blemishes.

When addressing hyperpigmentation, Hyaluronic acid works best when combined with vitamin C as these two products complement each other very well to help protect and repair skin. 

Skin care product applied into palm of hand

Ingredients like Alpha Arbutin and Licorice can also play a major role in fading dark spots and improving your overall skin tone. Arbutin in Alpha Arbutin is a source found in bearberry, mulberry and cranberry, which are plant sources known to prevent pigmentation.

Alpha Arbutin is the chemical version of this natural plant extract, it is one of the effective ways to treat hyperpigmentation by improving the overall appearance of dark spots and scars. It is a less mild alternative to hydroquinone, as hydroquinone is effective in lightening pigmentation, but comes with the risk of being extremely potent.

Licorice extract is a herb that includes numerous health benefits. One of these benefits is that it helps your skin, allowing you to target pigmented areas. The main component in Licorice is Glabridin, which helps prevent pigmentation caused by Ultraviolet B and reduces the production of tyrosinase, which is the enzyme that causes the production of melanin.

Vitamin C font on board

Vitamin C is an additional ingredient that works well in managing the activity of tyrosinase. Vitamin C also works as an antioxidant that neutralizes free radical damage from harsh exposure of the sun.

Two additional ingredients for hyperpigmentation are Urea and Niacinamide. A 2019 randomized 8-week trial suggests that using urea can significantly improve neck hyperpigmentation. Niacinamide on the other hand is a vitamin B-3 nutrient that could help treat skin conditions such as acne, eczema, and inflammatory skin conditions that cause hyperpigmentation. Some research suggests that using niacinamide can help reduce the appearance of dark spots.

If you're looking for products to treat hyperpigmentation, you're now spoilt for choice. Naturous Life offers a range of items such as hyaluronic face products, vitamin c anti-aging serum, and the urea-30 Rough Spot Repair Cream that you can use to achieve even-toned skin.

Take Better Care of Your Skin

Would you like to get rid of hyperpigmentation and take better care of your skin? Fortunately, the above-mentioned products from Naturous Life will help you on your journey towards achieving healthy skin.

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